Ambient Energy Harvesting and Management on the Sensor Nodes in a Wireless Sensor Network

Debabrata Singh, Binod Kumar Pattanayak, Priya Ranjan Satpathy

Abstract


One of the key problems in wireless sensor networks (WSN) represents the energy. During continuous operation at the sensor nodes, the energy level decreases very quickly and it is pivotal to replace or recharge frequently through power sources. But many times, it is very difficult to perform these functions through conventional methods. To overcome the conventional methods, we harvest the energy at the nodes through photovoltaic cells by the help of sunlight (ambient sources).The available energy from the sunlight is random and uncertain. So in this paper, we present various models of photovoltaic cells at different irradiance levels. We mainly focus at solar energy harvesting with appropriate energy management schematically and analytically. Our analysis and simulation results show how power increases with the increase in irradiance and graph have been plotted for different irradiance levels. Finally, we focus at the voltage and power of the storage devices at different times of the day. These modules not only manage the connectivity of the network but also scavenge the energy by optimizing the energy consumption.

Total Views: 135

Keywords


Wireless Sensor Network; Photovoltaic cell; ambient energy; energy harvesting; energy efficient; energy scavenge

Full Text:

PDF

References


M.K. Stojcev, M.R. Kosanovic and Golubovic, “L.R. Power management and energy harvesting technique for wireless sensor nodes”, 9th International Conference on Telecommunication in Modern Satellite, Cable, and Broadcasting Services , pp. 65-72, 2009.

Z. A. Eu, H.-P. Tan, and W. K. G. Seah, “Opportunistic routing in WSNs powered by ambient energy harvesting”, Computer Networks, vol. 54, no. 17, pp. 2943–2966,2010.

G. Cipriani, V. Di Dio, A. Marcotulli; R. Miceli, “Manufacturing tolerances effects on PV array energy production”, International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp. 952-957, 2014.

S. Shah, S. Chauhan and H. M. Rai, “Characteristics of PV Array Used for Distributed Power Generation Modelling and Simulation”, International Journal on Emerging Technologies, vol-1, no-1, pp. 61-66, 2010.

M. Jian, Z. Xuedan, D. Yuhan, “Adaptive energy harvesting aware clustering routing protocol for wireless sensor networks”, CHINACOM,vol-12, pp.742-747,2012.

Youcef Soufi, Mohcene Bechouat, Sami Kahla, Kais Bouallegue, “Maximum power point tracking using fuzzy logic control for photovoltaic system”, International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp. 902-906, 2014.

P. Gyorke, B. Pataki, “Application of energy-harvesting in wireless sensor networks using predictive scheduling”, IEEE International conference on Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC-2012), 2012.

Lin Longbi, S. Ness B., Srikant R, “Energy-aware routing in sensor networks: A large system approach”, Ad Hoc Networks, Vol-5, pp. 818-831, 2007.

Beheshtiha S.S.,Tan H.P.,Sabaei M., ”Opportunistic routing with adaptive harvesting aware duty cycling in energy harvesting WSN”, pp.90-94, 2013.

Yoshida Masaya, K. Tomoya, B. Masaki, “Probabilistic data collection protocols for energy harvesting sensor networks”, IEEE conference on local computer networks, vol-11, pp. 366-373, 2011.

M. Jian, Z. Xuedan, D. Yuhan, “Adaptive energy harvesting aware clustering routing protocol for wireless sensor networks”, CHINACOM,vol-12, pp.742-747,2012.

M. Shaoba, C.H. Man, W. Vincent W. S, “An optimal energy allocation algorithm for energy harvesting Wireless sensor networks”, IEEE ICC,Ad-Hoc and Sensor networking Symposium, pp.265-270,2012.

Sadegh Hesari, “Design and Implementation of Maximum Solar Power Tracking System Using Photovoltaic Panels”, International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research , Vol.6, No.4, pp.1221-1226,2016.

A.Zaidi, K.Dahech, T.Damak, “Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic Systems Based on Fast Terminal Sliding Mode Controller”, International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research, Vol.6, No.4, pp1435-1445, 2016.

Marjan Dadras, Meisam Farrokhifar, “A High Performance DC/DC Converter as MPPT for Solar Modules”, International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research, Vol.5, No3, pp765-772, 2015.

M. Jian, Z. Xuedan, D. Yuhan, “Adaptive energy harvesting aware clustering routing protocol for wireless sensor networks”, CHINACOM,vol-12, pp.742-747,2012.

Li Qing, Qingxin Zhu, and Mingwen Wang, “Design of a distributed energy efficient clustering algorithm for heterogenous wireless sensor netwroks”, Computer Communications, pp. 2230-2237,2006.

C.Kumar, R.Ramya, “A New Design and Modeling of photovoltaic strings under partial shading conditions using Matlab/Simscape”, Transactions on Engineering and Sciences ,Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 58-63,2016.

Faris Alfaris, Ahmad Alzahrani, Jonathan W. Kimball, “Stochastic model for PV sensor array data”, IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp.798-803, 2014.

Akiko Takahashi, Toshihiro Nishiwaki, Toshiaki Yachi, “Arrangement of Fibonacci sequence photovoltaic modules for power generation forest”, IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp.193 – 197, 2016.

D.Singh, C. Panda, “Performance analysis of modified stable election protocol in heterogeneous WSN”, In

proceedings of IEEE International conference of Electrical, Electronics,Signals, Communicagtion and Optimisation(EESCO 2015), pp. 1-5, 2015.

L. Longbi, S.B. Ness, R. Srikant, “Energy aware routing in sensor networks: A large system approach”, Ad Hoc Networks”, vol-5, pp.818-331, 2007.

Abbas, Mohamed A. Tawhid, Khalid Saleem, “Solar Energy Harvesting and Management inWireless Sensor Networks”, International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, Article ID 436107, pp 1-8, 2014.

Harun Turker, Patrick Favre-Perrod, “Management, optimal sizing and technical-economic analysis of batteries for constant production in photovoltaic systems”, IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application(ICRERA), pp. 1055 – 1061, 2016.

David Hasenfratz et al., “Analysis, Comparison, and Optimization of Routing Protocols for Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks” Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing, IEEE international conference, pp.19-26, 2010.

D. Singh, B. K. Pattanayak, “Analytical Study of an Improved Cluster based Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 9(37), pp. 1-8, 2016.

Subash Gautam, Debendra Bahadur Raut, Prabesh Neupane, Dhan Prasad Ghale, Rabin Dhakal, “Maximum power point tracker with solar prioritizer in photovoltaic application”, IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp. 1051 - 1054, 2016.

Satpathy, P.R., Sharma, R., Jena, S.,“A shade dispersion interconnection scheme for partially shaded modules in a solar PV array network” , Energy, Volume 139, pp. 350-365, 2017.

D. Singh, B.K. Pattanayak, “ Performance Analysis of Shortest Time Regional Head Path Protocol (STRHP) in Wireless Sensor Networks, Far East Journal of Electronics and Communication, Volume 17(6), pp. 1515-1540, 2017.

Moein Jazayeri, Kian Jazayeri, Sener Uysal, “Adaptive photovoltaic array reconfiguration based on real cloud patterns to mitigate effects of non-uniform spatial irradiance profiles”, Solar Energy, Volume 155, pp. 506-516, 2017.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)