Feature Selection and Optimal Neural Network Algorithm for the State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-ion Battery for Electric Vehicle Application

M S Hossain Lipu, M A Hannan, A Hussain


This paper presents the estimation of the state of charge (SOC) for a lithium-ion battery using feature selection and an optimal NN algorithm. Principle component analysis (PCA) is used to select the most influencing features. Out of nine variables, five input variables are selected based on the value of eigenvectors. An optimal neural network (NN) is developed by selecting the hidden layer neurons and learning rate since these parameters are the most critical factors in constructing a NN model. The model is tested and evaluated by using US06 driving cycle at 25°C and 45°C respectively. In order demonstrate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed model, a comparative study is performed between proposed NN model and two different NN models (NN1 and NN2). The proposed NN model estimates SOC with lower mean squared error (MSE) and root mean squared error (RMSE) compared to two NN models which proves that the proposed model is competent and robust in estimating SOC. The simulation results show an improvement in proposed NN model accuracy over NN1 and NN2 models in minimizing RMSE by 26% and 22% and MSE by 45% and 39% respectively at 25°C.

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state of charge; lithium-ion battery; neural network; principle component analysis; data training and testing; mean squared error (MSE); root mean squared error (RMSE)

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