Efficiency of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Russia

Oleg V. Marchenko, Sergei V. Solomin


The paper presents a research on the assessment of cost-effectiveness of an hybrid electric power system including photovoltaic modules, wind turbines, wood-fired biomass gasification power plants, batteries for electric energy storage, and diesel power plant.  An optimal structure of the electric power system is determined for different climatic zones of Russia. The energy sources are ranked with respect to their efficiency, by imposing constraints on capacity of individual plants (ban on commissioning). The study demonstrates a considerable economic effect of the renewable energy sources for many considered variants. However, the most preferable option is the combined use of different renewable energy sources: wind turbines, photovoltaics and a biomass gasification power plant.

Total Views: 282


renewable energy sources; wind turbines; photovoltaic modules; biomass gasification power plant; mathematical model; optimization; effectiveness

Full Text:



Climate Change 2014. IPCC Fifth Assessment Synthesis Report, 2014.

Global Energy Assessment – Toward a Sustainable Future. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Vienna, Austria and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, USA, 2012.

L.S. Belyaev, O.V. Marchenko, S.P. Filippov, S.V. Solomin, T.B. Stepanova, and A.L. Kokorin, World energy and transition to sustainable development, Boston, Dordrecht, London: Kluver Academic Publishers, 2002.

O.V. Marchenko, and S.V. Solomin, “System studies for analyzing the efficiency of renewable energy sources”, Thermal Engineering, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 919-924, 2010.

O.V. Marchenko, and S.V. Solomin, “Efficiency of small autonomous wind/diesel/hydrogen systems in Russia”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 241-245, August 2013.

O.V. Marchenko, and S.V. Solomin, “Economic efficiency of renewable energy sources in Russia”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol.4, no. 3, pp. 548-554, October 2014.

P. Lombardi, T. Sokolnikova, K. Suslov, N.I. Voropai, and Z.A. Styczynski, “Isolated power system in Russia: a chance for renewable energies?”, Renewable Energy, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 532-541, May 2016.

L.S. Belyaev, O.V. Marchenko and S.V. Solomin, “The Study of the Long-Term Trends in the Development of the Energy Industry of Russia and the World”, Thermal Engineering, vol. 58, no. 13, pp. 1089-1095, December 2011.

O.V. Marchenko, and S.V. Solomin, “The future energy: hydrogen versus electricity”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 3801-3805, March 2015.

Russian Federation Presidential Decree of 30.09.2013, No. 752. − URL: http://kremlin.ru/acts/bank/37646 (Accessed date 27.02.2017) (in Russian).

On the incentive mechanism of using renewable energy sources in the wholesale electricity and capacity markets. The RF Government Resolution of 28 May, 2013, No. 449. − URL: http://www.government.ru/docs/2121 (Accessed date 27.02.2017) (in Russian).

A.B. Levin, “Fuel resource of forest bioenergy of RF”, Lesnoy vestnik, no. 4, pp. 30-36, 2010 (in Russian).

A.G. Bhave, “Hybrid solar-wind domestic power generating system – a case study”, Renewable Energy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 355-358, July 1999.

S. Diaf, D. Diaf, M. Belhamel, M. Haddadi, and A. Louche, “A methodology for optimal sizing of autonomous hybrid PV/diesel system”, Energy Policy, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 5708-5718, February 2007.

M.S. Ngan and S.W. Tan, “Assessment of economic viability for PV/wind/diesel hybrid energy system in southern Peninsular Malaysia”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 634-647, January 2012.

L. Olatomiwa, S. Mekhies, M.S. Ismail, and M. Moghavvemi, “Energy management strategies in hybrid renewable energy systems: A review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 62, pp. 821–835, May 2016.

O. Erdinc, and M. Uzunoglu, Optimum design of hybrid renewable energy systems: Overview of different approaches”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, pp. 1412–1425, January 2012.

S.L. Trazouei, F.L. Tarazouei, and M. Ghiamy, “Optimal Design of a Hybrid Solar-Wind-Diesel Power System for Rural Electrification Using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol.3, no. 2, pp. 403-411, August 2013.

Okinda, V.O. and Odero, N.A. Modelling, “Simulation and Optimal Sizing of a Hybrid Wind, Solar PV Power System in Northern Kenya”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1199-1211, December 2016.

V. Bakić, M. Pezo, Ž. Stevanović, M. Živković, and B. Grubor, “Dynamical Simulation of PV/Wind Hybrid Energy Conversion System”, Energy, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 324-328, September 2012.

S.G. Sigarchian, A. Malmquist, and T. Fransson, “Modeling and control strategy of a hybrid PV/Wind/Engine/Battery system to provide electricity and drinkable water for remote applications”, Energy Procedia, vol.57, no.1, pp. 1401-1410, November 2014.

Q. Huang, Y. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Lu, and Y. Cui, “Multi-turbine wind-solar hybrid system”, Renewable Energy, vol. 76, no.4, pp.401-407, April 2015.

J. L. Bernal-Agustin and R. Dufo-Lopez, “Simulation and Optimization of Stand-Alone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, pp. 2111-2118, October 2009.

R. Dufo-Lopez, J.L. Bernal-Agustin, and J. Contreras, “Optimization of control strategies for stand-alone renewable energy systems with hydrogen storage”, Renewable Energy, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1102–1126, June 2007.

Z. Girma, “Technical and Economic Assessment of solar PV/diesel Hybrid Power System for Rural School Electrification in Ethiopia”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 736-744, October 2013.

S. Salehin, M.M. Rahman, and A.K.М. Sadrul Islam, “Techno-economic Feasibility Study of a Solar PV-Diesel System for Applications in Northern Part of Bangladesh”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1220-1229, December 2015.

D. Saheb-Koussa, M. Koussa, and N. Said, “Prospects of Wind-Diesel Generator-Battery Hybrid Power System: A Feasibility Study in Algeria”, Journal of Wind Energy, vol. 2013, pp. 1-8, 2013.

A. Stiel, and M. Skullas-Kazakos, “Feasibility Study of Energy Storage Systems in Wind/Diesel Applications Using the HOMER Model“, Applied Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 726-737, December 2012.

H.S. Das, A. Dey, T.C. Wey, and A.Y. Yatim, “Feasibility Analysis of Standalone PV/Wind/Battery Hybrid Energy System for Rural Bangladesh”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 402-412, August 2016.

A.K. Pradhan, S.K. Kar, and M.K. Mohanty, “Off-Grid Renewable Hybrid Power Generation System for a Public Health Centre in Rural Village”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 282-288, March 2016.

M.N. Siddique, A. Ahmad, M.K. Navaz, and S.B.A. Bukhari, “Optimal integration of hybrid (wind/solar) system with diesel power plant using HOMER”, Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, vol.23, no. 6, pp. 1547-1557, December 2015

M.A. Elhadidy, and S.M. Shaahid, “Promouting applications of hybrid (wind+photovoltaic+diesel+battery) power generating systems in hot regions”, Renewable Energy, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 517-528, April 2004.

R. Srivastava, and V.K. Giri, “Optimization of Hybrid Renewable Resources using HOMER”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 157-163, March 2016.

M.M. Rhaman, “Hybrid Renewable Energy System for Sustainable Future of Bangladesh”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 777-780, December 2013.

S. Salahi, F. Adabi, and S.B. Mozafari, “Design and simulation of a hybrid micro-grid for Bisheh village”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 199-211, March 2016.

P. Arun, “Optimum Design of Biomass Gasifier Integrated Hybrid Energy Systems”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 892-895, August 2015.

G. Liu, M.G. Rasul, M.T.O. Amanullah, and M.M.K. Khan, “Feasibility study of stand-alone PV-wind-biomass hybrid energy system in Australia”, Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), Asia-Pacific, 25-28 March 2011, pp. 1-6.

S. Dursun, I. Bostan, and B. Dursun, “Optimal wind/PV/biomass hybrid power system for forest watchtowers”, Mugla Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 43-47, March 2016.

S.G. Sigarchian, R. Paleta, A. Malmquist, and A. Pina, “Feasibility study of using a biogas engine as backup in a decentralized hybrid (PV/wind/battery) power generation system e Case study Kenya”, Energy, vol. 90, pp. 1830-1841, July 2015.

O.V. Marchenko, “Mathematical modelling and economic efficiency assessment of autonomous energy systems with production and storage of secondary energy carriers”, International Journal of Low-carbon Technologies, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 250-255, December 2010.

O.V. Marchenko, and S.V. Solomin, “Modeling of hydrogen and electrical energy storages in wind/PV energy system on the Lake Baikal coast”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, March 2017, http://10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.02.076.

O. Ekren, and B.Y. Ekren, “Size optimization of a PV/wind hybrid energy conversion system with battery storage using simulated annealing”, Applied Energy, vol. 87, no.2, pp. 592–598, February 2010.

Scientific and practical textbook "Climate of Russia", All-Russia Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Centre, Obninsk, Russia, 2011 (in Russian).

Renewable Energy Resource Maps, GENI–Global Energy Network Institute, 2014, http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/renewable-energy-resources/index.shtml.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 1309-0127


ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)