Cotton Seed Biodiesel as Alternative Fuel: Production and Its Characterization Analysis Using Spectroscopic Studies

Hariram Venkatesan, Godwin John J, Seralathan Sivamani

Abstract


Biodiesel production from cotton seed oil and its characterization is focussed in this experimental investigation. As the FFA content is less than 2%, base catalysed transesterification process is adopted with methanol and potassium hydroxide as solvents. The transesterification process is optimized by varying the methanol to oil molar ratio and catalyst concentration with standard operating parameters. By this process, 93% of biodiesel is obtained. The biodiesel is subjected to Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry analysis which revealed the presence of linoleic acid as the major constituent. Fourier transform Infra-Red and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectral studies attributed the GC/MS data confirming the presence of fatty acid methyl esters.

Total Views: 93

Keywords


Cotton seed biodiesel; transesterification; GC/MS; FTIR; NMR

Full Text:

6085

References


References

Dominic Okechukwu Onukwuli, Lovet Nwanneka Emembolu, Callistus Nonso Ude, Sandra Ogechukwu Aliozo, Mathew Chuwudi Menkiti. “Optimization of biodiesel production from refined cotton seed oil and its characterization”, Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpe.2016.02.001, (2016).

Suprabhat Seal, Achyut K Panda, Sachin kumar, R K Singh, “Production and characterization of bio oil from cotton seed”, Environmental progress and sustainable energy, Vol 34, No 2, 542-547, (2015)

Duple Sinha, S.Murugavelh. “Biodiesel production from waste cotton seed oil using low cost catalyst : Engine performance and emission characteristics”, Perspectives in science, 8, 237-240, 2016.

Gopal B V, Sridevi V, Sarma A J N and Rao P V, “Processing and Characterization of cotton seed methyl ester”, Austin Chem Eng, 2(2), 1-6, (2015)

M.Leenus Jesu Martin, V.Edwin Geo, D.Kingsly Jeba Singh, B.Nagalingam, “A comparative analysis of different methods to improve the performance of cotton seed oil fuelled diesel engine”, Fuel, 102, 372-378, (2012).

G. Guna, N. Sakurai, K. Kusakabe. “Synthesis of biodiesel from sunflower oil at room temperature in the presence of various cosolvents”, Chem. Eng. J, 146, 303-306, (2009)

Ayhan Demirba, “Biomass resource facilities and biomass conversion processing for fuels and chemicals”, Energy Conversion and Management, 42, 1357-1378, (2001).

S P Singh, Dipti Singh, “Biodiesel production through the use of different sources and characterization of oils and their esters as the substitute of diesel: A review”, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy reviews, 14, 200-216, (2010).

Hariram V and Vasanthaseelan S. “Optimization of Base catalyzed Transesterification and Characterization of Brassica napus (Canola seed) for the production of Biodiesel”, International Journal of ChemTech Research , 8 (9), 418-423, (2015)

Xiaohu Fan, Rachel Burton and Greg Austic, “Preparation and characterization of biodiesel produced from recycled canola oil”, The open Fuel & energy science Journal, 2, 113-118, 2009.

Ma F, Hanna MF. Biodiesel production: A review. Bioresource Technology, 70:1–15 (1999)

Demirbas A. “Biodiesel fuels from vegetable oils via catalytic and non-catalytic supercritical alcohol transesterification and other methods: A survey”, Energy Conversion and Management , 44(13), 2093–109, (2003)

McLafferty F.W. “Mass spectrometric analysis, molecular rearrangement”, Anal. Chem, 31:82–87, (1959)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)