Enhancement of the Thermal Regulation Performance of a Curved PV Panel

Mohamed lamine Benlekkam, Driss NEHARI, Habib Issad MADANI


The present paper aims at studying the use of a phase change materials linked to a curved photovoltaic (PV) panel to enhance its thermals regulations performances and to limit the temperature rise on its front surface. A two-dimensional implicit finite volume heat transfer model was used to solve an unsteady Navier–Stokes and energy equations with commercial code fluent 6.3.26. In order to improve the thermal performance of a curved PV panel, we varied the radius of curvature until the flat PV panel. For the validation, an isothermals contours and time evolution of the temperature are compared with data of the literature. Results show that the temperature of PV cells increase for the high curvatures but the lowest has no more influence on it and the adding of PCM behind the PV panel maintain its temperature.

Total Views: 273


Phase change material; Latent heat; Thermal regulation; Photovoltaic cell

Full Text:



Emery, K Burdick, J Caiyem, Y Dunlavy, D Field, H Kroposki, B Moriarty, T Ottoson, L Rummel, S Strand, T. Temperature dependence of photovoltaic cells, modules and systems. in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 1996., Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE. 1996. IEEE.

Brinkworth, B., A procedure for the routine calculation of laminar free and mixed convection in inclined ducts. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 2000. 21(4): p. 456-462.

Brinkworth, B. and M. Sandberg, Design procedure for cooling ducts to minimise efficiency loss due to temperature rise in PV arrays. Solar energy, 2006. 80(1): p. 89-103.

Tripanagnostopoulos, Y., Nousia, TH Souliotis, M Yianoulis, P., Hybrid photovoltaic/thermal solar systems. Solar energy, 2002. 72(3): p. 217-234.

Setoh, G., F. Tan, and S. Fok, Experimental studies on the use of a phase change material for cooling mobile phones. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 2010. 37(9): p. 1403-1410.

Khateeb, Siddique A, Amiruddin, Shabab Farid, Mohammed Selman, J Robert Al-Hallaj, Said., Thermal management of Li-ion battery with phase change material for electric scooters: experimental validation. Journal of Power Sources, 2005. 142(1): p. 345-353.

Castell, Albert Martorell, I Medrano, M Pérez, G Cabeza, Luisa F, Experimental study of using PCM in brick constructive solutions for passive cooling. Energy and Buildings, 2010. 42(4): p. 534-540.

Huang, M., P. Eames, and B. Norton, Thermal regulation of building-integrated photovoltaics using phase change materials. International Journal of heat and mass transfer, 2004. 47(12): p. 2715-2733.

Huang, M., P. Eames, and B. Norton, Phase change materials for limiting temperature rise in building integrated photovoltaics. Solar Energy, 2006. 80(9): p. 1121-1130.

Hasan, Ahmed McCormack, SJ Huang, MJ Norton, Brian., Evaluation of phase change materials for thermal regulation enhancement of building integrated photovoltaics. Solar Energy, 2010. 84(9): p. 1601-1612.

Biwole, P.H., P. Eclache, and F. Kuznik, Phase-change materials to improve solar panel's performance. Energy and Buildings, 2013. 62: p. 59-67.

Cellura, M., V.L. Brano, and A. Marvuglia, A Photovoltaic panel coupled with a phase changing material heat storage system in hot climates. 2008.

Huang, MJ Eames, PC Norton, Brian Hewitt, NJ., Natural convection in an internally finned phase change material heat sink for the thermal management of photovoltaics. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2011. 95(7): p. 1598-1603.

Holman, Z. and Z.J. Yu, Solar & Alternative Energy High-efficiency solar power with integrated storage.

Zhengshan, J. Yu Fisher, Kathryn C Wheelwright, Brian M Angel, Roger P Holman, Zachary C., PVMirror: a new concept for tandem solar cells and hybrid solar converters. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2015. 5(6): p. 1791-1799.

B. Anon, R.d.s., Co. RUBITHERM GmbH. 2000: Hamburg Germany.

D.V.Hale, M.J.Hoover, and M.J.O’Neil, Phase Change Materials Handbook. NASA CR 61363. 1975.

W. M. Rohsenow, J.P. Hartnett, and Y.I.Cho, Handbook of Heat Transfer. third ed. 1998, New York.

NEHARI, T., Benlekkam, M., Nehari, D. and Youcefi, A., The Effect of Inclination on the Passive cooling of the solar PV panel by using Phase change Material. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), 2016. 6(1): p. 132-139.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 1309-0127


ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)