Techno-Economic Analysis of a Hybrid Grid-Connected/PV/Wind System in Pakistan

saima ishaq, Sadaqat Naveed, Shahid Mahmood Khan, Muhammad Najam-ul-Islam

Abstract


In view of the current energy crisis prevailing in Pakistan, renewable energy resources are considered as practical and economical alternatives. In this work, technical as well as economic aspects of hybrid photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems connected to commercial grid are investigated for selected locations of Pakistan. A pre-feasibility study of the renewable resources was done using NREL’s Geospatial Toolkit having a broad meteorological database and additionally, a database of various renewable energy system components from different manufacturers. The locations were selected on the basis of favorable environmental criteria based on meteorological data e.g. daily, monthly and annual profiles of solar irradiance, temperatures, wind speeds etc. The suggested hybrid system was simulated in NREL’s HOMER software over the system life span as guaranteed by the manufacturers. Performances and economic impacts of various components constituting the system in different locations were then analyzed to draw a conclusion with respect to the least calculated Net Present Cost (NPC). Finally, an optimum hybrid system with most appropriate components was suggested for the location that rendered least NPC. The consumer-end advantages of such systems over grid-alone system were also presented. The system was simulated for four different locations in Pakistan and was shown that it could input an adequate amount of energy into the main grid.


Total Views: 222

Keywords


Hybrid; Technical; Economic; Photovoltaic; Wind; Net Present Cost

Full Text:

PDF

References


Okedu KE, Uhunmwangho R, Wopara P. Renewable Energy in Nigeria: The Challenges and Opportunities in Mountainous and Riverine Regions. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER). 2015;5:222-9.

Salehin S, Rahman MM, Islam AS. Techno-economic Feasibility Study of a Solar PV-Diesel System for Applications in Northern Part of Bangladesh. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER). 2015;5:1220-9.

Bhutto AW, Bazmi AA, Zahedi G. Greener energy: Issues and challenges for Pakistan—wind power prospective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013;20:519-38.

http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article47619.html.

http://www.pres.org.pk.

Naeem Memon AHJ IY, Sheeraz Anwar Khan, . Wind Data Analysis of AEDB-UNDP (WEP) Wind Masts: Installed in Gharo-Keti Bandar Wind Corridor. 2010;” Alternative Energy Development Board Ministry of Water & Power, GOP (2010):1-44.

Qamar-uz-Zaman Chaudhry HM MAFRTEoCWPPoMaG-SFRTEo.

Raja IA, Abro RS. Solar and wind energy potential and utilization in Pakistan. Renewable Energy. 1994;5:583-6.

Sukhera M. Utilization of solar energy—a programme for the development of Cholistan desert. Solar energy. 1984;33:233-5.

Hasnain S, Gibbs B. Prospects for harnessing renewable energy sources in Pakistan. Solar & wind technology. 1990;7:321-5.

Chaudhary Q-U-Z. A procedure to obtain global solar radiation maps from sunshine duration for Pakistan. Solar & wind technology. 1990;7:245-53.

Raja IA, Dougar M, Abro R. Solar energy applications in Pakistan. Renewable Energy. 1996;9:1128-31.

Ramachandra T, Subramanian D, Joshi N. Wind energy potential assessment in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Renewable Energy. 1997;10:585-611.

Chedid R, Akiki H, Rahman S. A decision support technique for the design of hybrid solar-wind power systems. Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on. 1998;13:76-83.

Szweda R. Renewable energy applications in the Indian subcontinent. Photovoltaics Bulletin. 2003;2003:7-9.

Shinwari WK, Ali F, Nayyar A. Electric power generation from solar photovoltaic technology: is it marketable in Pakistan? The Pakistan Development Review. 2004:267-94.

Zaigham NA, Nayyar Z. Prospects of renewable energy sources in Pakistan. Renewable Energy Technologies and Sustainable Development. 2005:65-86.

Ahmed MA, Ahmad F, Akhtar MW. Estimation of global and diffuse solar radiation for Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 2009;5:73-7.

Bhutto AW, Bazmi AA, Zahedi G. Greener energy: issues and challenges for Pakistan—solar energy prospective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2012;16:2762-80.

Basir R, Aziz N, Ahmad SS, Wahid A. Satellite remote sensing for identification of solar potential sites in Pakistan. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2013;2:200-9.

Khan HA, Pervaiz S. Technological review on solar PV in Pakistan: Scope, practices and recommendations for optimized system design. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013;23:147-54.

Farooqui SZ. Prospects of renewables penetration in the energy mix of Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2014;29:693-700.

http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html.

https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/.

Duffie JA, Beckman WA. Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes: Wiley; 1991.

Brett AC, Tuller SE. The autocorrelation of hourly wind speed observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 1991;30:823-33.

Saheb-Koussa D, Koussa M, Belhamel M, Haddadi M. Economic and environmental analysis for grid-connected hybrid photovoltaic-wind power system in the arid region. Energy Procedia. 2011;6:361-70.

Ngan MS, Tan CW. Assessment of economic viability for PV/wind/diesel hybrid energy system in southern Peninsular Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2012;16:634-47.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)