Investigation and Development of Liquid Flat Plate Solar Collector using Concrete as Absorber Plate and its Performance Testing

Sangram Rajaram Patil, APPASAHEB ADAPPA KESTE, Ajinkya Bhaskar Sable

Abstract


In order to increase usage of solar water heater (SWH) for domestic purposes instead of conventional sources of heating water which contribute towards energy crisis& global warming an attempt is made to use non conventional cost effective method to produce hot water. Hence by keeping the objective of low cost liquid flat plate solar collector, we replace the costliest component of collector, which is the metal absorber plate with the concrete absorber plate. Here the feasibility of utilizing non metal (concrete) for making liquid flat plate solar collector, in Pune, has been investigated. Thus 2m X 1m concrete collector is designed, fabricated and tested for various months and for different mass flow rates. It was observed that, the average temperature of hot water collected in rainy season was in the range of 47 ˚C to 57 ˚C, in winter season was 48 ˚C to 59 ˚C and in summer season was 56 ˚C to 80 C˚. Therefore, concrete collector can be used to collect large quantity of hot water . This paper also paves way for possible integration of concrete collector with roof slab. Such integration will also provide comfort temperature zone within the building.


Total Views: 251

Keywords


energy; renewable energy;solar energy

Full Text:

PDF

References


S. P. Sukhatme, Solar Energy: Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage, 2nd ed., Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003, chapter 4.

S. V. Bopshetty, J. K. Nayak, and S. P. Sukatme, ”Performance analysis of solar concrete collector”, Energy Convers. Mgmt Vol. 33, No. 11, pp. 1007-1016, 1992

P. B. L. Chaurasia, “Solar water heaters based on concrete collector”, Energy 25, pp.703–716, 2000.

NamrataSengar, PrabhaDashora and VikasMarwal, “On- Field Studies and Payback Periods of a Novel Building–Material–Housing Solar Water Heater”, International Journal of Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No.6, 2011

V. Krishnavel, A. Karthick, K. KalidasaMurugavel, “Experimental analysis of concrete absorber solar water heating systems”, Energy and Buildings 84, pp. 501-505, 2014.

RangsitSarachittia, ChaicharnChotetanormb, CharoenpornLertsatitthanakornb ,Montana Rungsiyopasc, “Thermal performance analysis and economic evaluation of roof-integrated solar concrete collector”, Energy and Buildings 43, pp. 1403-1408, 2011.

A. A. Keste, S. R. Patil, “Investigation of Concrete Solar Collector: A Review”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, pp. 26-29, 2013.

M. S. Shetty, Concrete technology: Theory and practice, S. Chand & Company ltd., 2011, table 9.7

S. P. Sukhatme, Heat Transfer, 4th ed., University Press (India) pvt. ltd., 2009, pp. 18.

Map of Pune, India, http://www.pune.climatemps.com/map.php

Indian Standard plain and reinforced concrete – code of practice (Fourth Revision), IS 456: 2000, pp.39, 34

Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala, Fluid Mechanics, 3rd ed., McGraw Hill education (India) pvt. ltd., 2014, pp. 350

Joseph Kestin, MordechaiSokolov and William A. Wakeham, “Viscosity of liquid water in the range -8˚C to 150˚C”, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1978.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)